06−10 October 2021

The 19th Exhibition of Building
Material and Interior

Indonesia Convention Exhibition (ICE)
BSD City, Indonesia


08 March 2018

Indoor Air Health & Comfort

Air is a very important element for living things. Good or bad the air quality will cause an impact to the environment which can affect a person's health. In this case the air quality is divided into two, the quality of outdoor and indoor air. In a densely populated city, the problems that are often encountered in outdoor air such as pollution from vehicle fumes and waste piles that are not disposed into the right place. In the meantime, problems affecting the decrease in indoor air quality due to emerging microbes and the lack of air ventilations.

What we need to be aware of?
• According to the US EPA: the level of pollutants in the room can reach 2-5 times higher or extreme 100 times higher than outdoors
• 5 top level cause a risk to public health Sick

Sick Building Syndrome (SBS)

Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) is used to describe situations in which building occupants experience acute health and comfort effects that appear to be linked to time spent in a building, but no specific illness or cause can be identified.

• Acute discomfort, e.g., headache; eye, nose, or throat irritation; dry cough; dry or itchy skin; dizziness and nausea; difficulty in concentrating; fatigue; and sensitivity to odors.
• The cause of the symptoms is not known.
• Most of the complainants report relief soon after leaving the building.

Building Related Illness (BRI)

“Building Related Illness” (BRI) is used when symptoms of diagnosable illness are identified and can be attributed directly to airborne building contaminants.

• Building occupants complain of symptoms such as cough, chest tightness, fever, chills, and muscle aches.
• The symptoms can be clinically defined and have clearly identifiable causes.
• Complainants may require prolonged recovery times after leaving the building.

Sources of Indoor Air Pollution In a Typical Office Building

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) contaminants


Source of Indoor Air Contaminants

Reducing Pollutans in Indoor Air


Infiltration    : Random/ intentional flow of outdoor air through windows, cracks and a variety of openings in the buildings.
Exfiltration   : Movement of air from indoor spaces to outdoor.

Buildings should provide adequate ventilation for exchange air. Although the usage of air conditioner provides benefits, but natural airflow is still needed to maintain a healthy and quality air environment. Another way is to plant and create a garden.